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Electronic Music. History, Evolution and Interpreters
Electronic music is currently considered a genre with great popularity, which is characterized by mixing instrumental sounds with those that are processed through the synthesizer, the computer or any electronic device.
What were the instruments in the early days of electronic music?
As in all musical genres, this one has certain elements that are frequently used to produce any type of composition. Which we will announce below:
Hammond Organ: This is and continues to be widely used to play rock, funk, gospel and soul songs, its participation is very noticeable, while it contrasts with technological sounds. Which was created by inventor Laurens Hammond.
Sound synthesizer: It is quite similar to a keyboard, which is one of the most used and is sometimes the absolute protagonist of electronic songs, by producing artificial wood sounds through different techniques.
Theremin: It was one of the first electronic instruments in the history of music. Its shape is that of a rectangular box with two antennas, by which it is possible to achieve various sound effects, and where the volume can be modulated.
Electric guitar: It is one of the most popular rock instruments, which is widely used in electronic music compositions, which has electromagnetic induction that enriches the vibration of its strings and which can be accompanied by an amplifier.
Computer: Computers play a very important role in creating an electronic song. Nowadays, through professional programs that work with sound, it is easier to obtain professional results in the creation of this genre.
Electronic music styles
A very common characteristic of musical genres is that they can be subdivided, it all depends on the particularities that their general composition presents. The most important of electronic music are the following:
Ambient Music: It is great when you want to have a quiet moment, since it is characterized by having songs with the keyboard and percussions, it is interpreted in a subtle way so it has a main role.
Techno: It is from the 80’s when the use of synthesizers began, giving rise to the boom of great successes of the moment, this is combined with different musical styles.
Dance: This is a style oriented to entertain with artificial sounds and rhythmic melodies, which tend to invite people to have fun dancing and singing, having simple and catchy lyrics.
Drum and Bass: It is developed in the 90s based on the sounds created by the bass and very fast rhythms, which today is still a very strong style.
House: During the 80s in the city of Chicago it acquired great fame, which relies on the synthesizer and the fusion of different styles, giving way to unique creations.
Chiptune: It is one of the most current rhythms, whose main function is to rescue the particular sound that is known from computers from the 80s, which is why they are very original.
Trance: This is heavily influenced by styles such as house and techno to a greater extent, which runs in time patterns of 120 and 140 BPM.
Disco: The biggest expansion of this style was in the 70s, so most of the hits of that time are of this rhythm. Which comes from well-known genres such as soul, R&B and funk, it was also based on Latin rhythms that expanded its compositions.
Hardcore: Started in Germany and goes back to the 90s, which combines industrial sounds with melodies in which distortion is imposed.
What is the electronic music?
Electronic music is that type of music that uses electronic musical instruments and electronic music technology for its production and performance. … The production of purely electronic sounds can be achieved by devices such as the theremin, the sound synthesizer or the computer.
What sensation does electronic music produce?
Within this genre we can find infinities of both rhythmic and harmonic variants, which cause different effects on the emotions when listening to a certain Track. The sensations that we can perceive can range from tranquility, joy, sadness, anger, darkness, melancholy, etc. and the inventor of electronic music: Robert Moog.
What was the first electronic music song?
In the 1950s, the United States used electronically created sounds for different compositions. Stockhausen composed in 1954 Elektronische Suite II, the first electronic piece to be published as a soundtrack.
Who was the first DJ in history?
The world’s first radio disc jockey was Ray Newby from Stockton, California. In 1909, at the age of 16, Newby began playing records on a regular basis, thanks to the permission of radio pioneer Charles Doc Herrold.
Great exponents of electronic music
This genre has great popularity, which is famous in contemporary times. So it is not difficult to locate its exponents
Armin Van Buuren: The cult has origins in the Netherlands, he has played a great role in the genre for his countless hits throughout his career, among which we find “In and out of love” which is one of his hits. most popular and features the collaboration of Sharon den Adel.
David Guetta: He is a musician of French origin who has a large number of collaborations in which we find the support of Akon, Kelly Rowlan and Ne Yo. One of his biggest hits is “Whwn love takes over” which is a harmonious compassion that he created with Kelly Rowland.
Tiësto: He is a well-known DJ and music producer from the Netherlands, who has several remixes that are classics within this genre, which has received the collaboration of musicians like Sarah McLachlan when creating his hit “Maximal Crazy”.
Deadmaud 5: he is a famous DJ of Canadian origin, which specializes in electrohouse and house. Her name is based on the mouse mask that she uses in her presentations. One of her greatest hits with Rob Swirw is “Ghost N Stuff.”
Daff Punk: It is the duo formed by the French Thomas Bangalter and Guy Manuel de Home-Christo. Which expanded in the 90s and so far have not lost their popularity. One of their biggest hits is “Get Lucky” where they have the participation of Pharrell Williams.
What the origin of electronic music?
We go back beyond the festivals and the masses to see how the history of the genre began. Electronic music is much more recent than most probably imagine. Although the DJ world, electronic culture and festivals have been all the rage for a few years, in reality, musicians began to experiment with new sounds based on electronic elements such as synthesizers.
Thus, what was considered avant-garde at the time was possible and was the beginning of a new genre. We know Carl Cox, David Guetta, Hardwell, Tïesto, Armin van Buuren, Dimitri Vegas and Like Mike or Martin Garrix, but we are going to look back to see what the prelude to electronic music was like.
The first nuances of electronic music date back to the sixties. Although it can be considered that the first apex of electronics dates back to the beginning of the 20th century with the phonoautograph, the first device capable of recording sound. But going back to the sixties and electronics somewhat closer to how we know it now, it is considered a main element that set the trend that the Moog synthesizer was to begin. During these years, experimentation was key.
In this decade, electronic sounds are gaining prominence, leaving behind previous experimentation. The appearance of Kraftwerk and Jean-Michel Jarre were key to growing the popularity of electronic music. Each time the trend grew more and other more popular faces to this day such as David Bowie or the Pink Floyd group were key in the introduction of the genre.
The synthesizer is the protagonist of this era. In this year dates the birth of electronic subgenres such as house, techno or electro. On the other hand, in the same vein, synthpop was living its golden years. The latter is a fusion of pop with touches of electronics, the predecessor of electropop. Although, it is true that the eighties were very fruitful years for almost all genres.
In this time frame are bands that have been highly influential in the history of music such as Pet Shop Boys or Depeche Mode, among many others. Such is the musical influence and richness of this era that, in a panorama so marked by the avant-garde, most artists and groups cannot be framed within a single musical genre.
In this decade, electronic sound is no longer a novelty. Many artists have already experimented with this genre in previous years and it is already established. So much so, that new subgenres are being born within electronics and within those that had already emerged such as hardstyle or trance. It is the decade in which electronics conquered the dance floors. These years have left musical gems like Pump Up The Jam by Technotronic or Rhythm of the Night by Corona, undoubted classics of electronic music.
Each and every background of electronic music has served as an inspiration for artists of the genre today. Electronic music, a relatively young musical style that still has much to surprise, as in more recent years it has continued to do with new sounds such as dubstep.
Electronic music is known as all music created through electronic instruments, such as samplers, computers, synthesizers, etc. Electronic music was born at the end of the 21st century and the beginning of the 20th century. The first device to record electronic sound was the phonoautograph, patented in 1857 by Édouard-Léon Scott de Martinville. Already in 1960, this music began to be commercialized intensely in the world, with the accessibility of the synthesizer. In 1963 Ron Grainer together with Delia Derbyshire created the first electronic melody, it was the theme song for the TV series Doctor Who.
This type of music in the last 30 years has had great popularity worldwide, creating different styles within the same genre of electronic music. Nowadays the creation of bands like the style of Nirvana, U2, Queen, is scarce. Electronic music for many is the development of tangible musical instruments. Thanks to the samplers and the amount of recording software that exist, it is possible to emulate different sounds almost identical to the original. For example I can record a melody on guitar to make an electronic music song. Electronic music has no limitations, one of the great virtues is that you can simulate instruments without being an expert. For example, you can have a sound of a sax and you can put together a melody, without having the need to know how to play the sax.
In the 80s, the first styles of electronic music that began to appear were Techno along with House. The House was born in Chicago, United States, oriented to the Afro-American public, then in the 90s it arrived in Europe mixing with pop, originating great popularity. The house comes from a mix between Soul and Funk, with powerful synthesized basses, percussions similar to disco music and with vocals with reverb or delay filters. Techno was born in Detroit, United States, this genre was born based on the experimental use of synthesizers, influenced by funk, free jazz. To this is added the theme of the futuristic and science fiction cut. Techno is often confused with Trance or Dance.
Over the years these two great expressions of electronic music gave rise to an endless number of different genres such as Tech House, Deep House, Drum’n’bass, Hardtrance, Acid, Minimal. As we can appreciate, electronic music is born through existing musical currents, such as funk, soul, jazz, disco, new age.